New York (in English, New York), also called New York State to differentiate it from New York City, is one of the fifty states that, together with Washington D.C., form the United States of America. Its capital is Albany and its most populous city, New York City.
It is located in the Northeast region of the country, Mid-Atlantic Division, bordering north with Lake Ontario and the San Lorenzo River that separate it from Canada, to the east with Vermont, Massachusetts and Connecticut, to the southeast with the Atlantic Ocean, to the south with New Jersey and Pennsylvania, and to the west with Lake Erie and the Niagara River, which separate it again from Canada. With 19 378 102 inhabitants in 2010 it is the third most populous state – behind California and Texas – and with 137.14 inhabitants / km² it is the seventh most densely populated – behind Delaware, Maryland, Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island and New Jersey-. He was admitted to the Union on July 26, 1788, as the 11th state.
It is the largest financial and commercial center in the United States, as well as its largest industrial center.
Not to be confused with the city of the same name, the city of New York (official name: City of New York, or, informally, New York City), located at the southern tip of the state. Therefore, the state is often called “New York State.” New York City is not only the largest city in the state, with its 8.5 million inhabitants, about half of the state population, but also the largest city in the United States.
The nickname of New York is “Empire State”. Historians believe that this nickname comes from a comment made by George Washington who once commented that New York was the center of the American Empire. The motto of the state is “Excelsior”, a Latin word that means “always above”, “always at the top” or “even higher”.
New York was originally colonized by the Dutch, who called the region New Netherlands (Nieuw-Nederland). They also founded a settlement on the island of Manhattan, called New Amsterdam. When England captured the state of the Dutch, the English renamed “New York” to both the region and the city located in Manhattan. New York was one of the thirteen British colonies that rebelled in the United States War of Independence. In this state a third of all war battles took place.