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Paris (in French Paris, pronounced About this sound [paʁi]) is the capital of France and its most populous city. Capital of the Ile-de-France region (or “Parisian Region”), it is the only single-department department in the country.

The city of Paris, within its narrow administrative boundaries, has a population of 2,273,305 inhabitants in 2015.2 However, in the twentieth century, the metropolitan area of ​​Paris expanded beyond the boundaries of the municipality of Paris, and is today, with a population of 12 405 426 inhabitants in 2013, the second metropolitan area of ​​the European continent (after London) and the 28th in the world.

The Paris region is, together with that of London, one of the most important economic centers in Europe.6 With 607 billion euros (845 billion dollars), it produced more than a quarter of the gross domestic product (GDP) of France in 2011.7 La Défense is the main business district in Europe, 8 houses the headquarters of almost half of the large French companies, as well as the headquarters of twenty of the 100 largest in the world.

During the 19th and 20th centuries together with the city of London, 9 Paris was the center of development of architectural projects within the framework of the Industrial Revolution and its famous exhibitions. Examples of this are: the Mercado de la Madeleine, in 1824; the Great Halles started in 1853, the Galerie des Machines and the Eiffel Tower both held at the Paris exhibition of 1889.

Also known as the “City of Light” (la Ville lumière), it is the most popular tourist destination in the world, with more than 42 million foreign visitors per year.10 It has many of the most famous and admired monuments in the world: the Eiffel Tower, Notre Dame Cathedral, Avenue of the Champs Elysees, the Arc de Triomphe, the Sacré Cœur Basilica, the Invalides Palace, the Pantheon, the Defense Arch, the Garnier Opera House or the Montmartre neighborhood , among others. It also houses world-renowned institutions: the Louvre, the Orsay Museum and the National Museum of Natural History of France, as well as an extensive system of higher education of international prestige. Paris occupies an important place in the field of culture, gastronomy, fashion and luxury.

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