Solar eclipse on Tidore Island | 360°

What is a solar eclipse?
The word eclipse comes from the Greek “ékleipsis”, which means “disappearance” or “abandonment”, indicating the absence of the Sun in the sky. An eclipse occurs when a planet or a Moon gets in the way of sunlight. Here on Earth, we can experience two kinds of eclipses: solar eclipses and lunar eclipses.

Perhaps the most impressive thing to observe in a total eclipse is the atmosphere of the Sun or better known as the Solar Corona. It has a very low density but a very high temperature, almost 2 million degrees Celsius. The Solar Crown is the outermost layer of the Sun, it extends for a million kilometers from its origin on the chromosphere.

Total eclipses are rare because the synchronization of the new moon with the alignment of the Moon, the Sun and an observer on Earth has to be exact. In addition, the eccentricity of the Moon's orbit often takes it far enough from the Earth so that its apparent size is not large enough to block the Sun completely. The totality only occurs along a narrow path on the surface of the Earth traced by the lunar shadow.

Although eclipses are natural phenomena, in some ancient and modern cultures they are explained by supernatural causes or considered bad omens. A total eclipse can be scary for people who are not aware of its astronomical explanation, since the Sun seems to disappear during the day and the sky darkens in a matter of minutes.

Since looking directly at the Sun can cause permanent damage to the eyes or blindness, special eye protection or indirect vision techniques are used to observe a solar eclipse. It is, in theory, safe to see the total phase of an eclipse with the naked eye, without protection. However, it is a dangerous practice, since most people are not trained to recognize the phases of an eclipse, which can last more than two hours while the total phase only reaches a maximum of seven and a half minutes and is Often shorter.

Leave a Reply

Manhattan, New York, USA | 360°

Car Racing | 360°