Yerevan (UK: /ˌjɛrəˈvæn/ YERR-ə-VAN, US: /-ˈvɑːn/ -VAHN; Armenian: Երևան[a] [jɛɾɛˈvɑn] (About this soundlisten), typically spelled Erevan)[b] is the capital and largest metropolis of Armenia in addition to one of many world's oldest repeatedly inhabited cities. Located alongside the Hrazdan River, Yerevan is the executive, cultural, and industrial middle of the nation. It has been the capital since 1918, the fourteenth within the historical past of Armenia and the seventh situated in or across the Ararat plain. Town additionally serves because the seat of the Araratian Pontifical Diocese; the biggest diocese of the Armenian Apostolic Church and one of many oldest dioceses on the earth.
The historical past of Yerevan dates again to the eighth century BC, with the founding of the fortress of Erebuni in 782 BC by king Argishti I on the western excessive of the Ararat plain. Erebuni was “designed as an ideal administrative and spiritual centre, a totally royal capital.” By the late historical Armenian Kingdom, new capital cities have been established and Yerevan declined in significance. Beneath Iranian and Russian rule, it was the middle of the Erivan Khanate from 1736 to 1828 and the Erivan Governorate from 1850 to 1917, respectively. After World Warfare I, Yerevan turned the capital of the First Republic of Armenia as hundreds of survivors of the Armenian Genocide within the Ottoman Empire arrived within the space. Town expanded quickly throughout the 20th century as Armenia turned a part of the Soviet Union. In just a few a long time, Yerevan was reworked from a provincial city throughout the Russian Empire to Armenia's principal cultural, creative, and industrial middle, in addition to changing into the seat of nationwide authorities.
With the expansion of the Armenian economic system, Yerevan has undergone main transformation. A lot building has been completed all through town because the early 2000s, and stores similar to eating places, retailers, and road cafés, which have been uncommon throughout Soviet occasions, have multiplied. As of 2011, the inhabitants of Yerevan was 1,060,138, simply over 35% of the Republic of Armenia's complete inhabitants. In response to the official estimate of 2016, the present inhabitants of town is 1,073,700. Yerevan was named the 2012 World E-book Capital by UNESCO. Yerevan is an affiliate member of Eurocities.
Of the notable landmarks of Yerevan, Erebuni Fortress is taken into account to be the birthplace of town, the Katoghike Tsiranavor church is the oldest surviving church of Yerevan and Saint Gregory Cathedral is the biggest Armenian cathedral on the earth, Tsitsernakaberd is the official memorial to the victims of the Armenian Genocide, and a number of other opera homes, theatres, museums, libraries, and different cultural establishments. Yerevan Opera Theatre is the principle spectacle corridor of the Armenian capital, the Nationwide Gallery of Armenia is the biggest artwork museum within the Republic of Armenia and shares a constructing with the Historical past Museum of Armenia, and the Matenadaran repository accommodates one of many largest depositories of historical books and manuscripts on the earth.